The management of Urban Solid Waste (RSU) in any society is a priority issue on the part of the population and the government, as undue care causes the emergence of environmental, social and economic problems. Unfortunately, in recent months in Luanda there has been a pile of garbage on the public road, due to the systematic delays in payments to the garbage collection operators, and as a consequence, most of the basic sanitation companies have stopped working and removed their contents from the public road.
Therefore, a population has resorted to the incineration of the garbage to mitigate the situation, which in fact I believe they are creating other social and environmental problems. Throughout this article, we will focus on two main points: The consequences of waste incineration and possible solutions to the problem of waste.
The consequences of waste incineration
Burning garbage is a common practice in Luanda, but it causes the release of dioxins and furan - highly toxic substances - are a threat to the health of the population.
In humans, burning of garbage can cause headache, nausea, skin disease and irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract, especially in children and the elderly. For the environment, it promotes an increase in the greenhouse effect - or a warming of the earth's temperature above normal.
Possible solutions to the problem of waste
What is now a big problem for Luanda, may actually be the solution to problems, since garbage is a disputed wealth by top companies. We believe that the solution to the problem of garbage involves a change of conscience and the creation of specific policies on how to treat garbage. To start, we can create educational projects for all ages, especially for children.
In view of this, we suggest the following possible solutions:
Training of environmental education technicians to promote awareness campaigns;
Create policies for implementing environmental education in the Curriculum Plan for primary and secondary schools;
Conducting awareness campaigns, lectures, creating educational videos on how to preserve the environment;
Implement reforms in the waste process, which included selective, creating more ecopoints, and giving a tax incentive to companies that contribute to education and promotion of the sustainable environment;
Hold citizens accountable for not treating properly waste or burning on public roads;
Accountability of service providers and producers of goods that are directly involved with the final destination of the waste generated by their goods, and encouraging consumers to be more conscious consumers, recycle and produce less waste;
Think about the implementation of waste incineration and use the energy released during the burning to produce thermal and electrical energy;
Incentives (tax and bureaucratic facilitations, bank financing) for entry or opening of more recycling companies in Angola;
Thus, we can say that there are many ways and countless models to solve the problems of solid urban waste in the country. The preservation of the environment cannot be seen in isolation, it is necessary to think of a whole, without distinction of social status, as it is a question of a collective order (Soares and Mateus, 2020). We are all called to contribute, recycling our garbage, treating giving rise to the sewage of our homes, denouncing abuses against the environment, using biodegradable products and, creating in the community, the spirit of environmental and social responsibility that everyone can benefit from.
Ambiental, M., 2013. The old habit of burning garbage. [online] Master Ambiental - Consultoria https://www.masterambiental.com.br/noticias/residuos-solidos/o-velho-habito-de-queimar-lixo/ [Accessed on February 8, 2021].
Soares, N. and Mateus, D., 2020. The Problem of Solid Urban Waste Management in Angola | EcoAngola. [online] EcoAngola. Available at: https://ecoangola.com/o-problema-da-gestao-de-residuos-solidos-urbanos-em-angola/ [Accessed on February 8, 2021].